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BI PV Urban Scale Project Details
Name projectWaterloo, Ontario Solar Community Demonstration Project
Year2003-04-00 (Start operation date)
PV applicationInclined roof - integrated
PV power total kWp
LocationWaterloo, Ontario
Latitude/Longitude43°28'46"N 80°32'28"W
© ARISE Technologies Corp.

Project summary
Waterloo, Ontario is located in central Canada, approximately 600 km South West of Ottawa, the Canadian Capital. This project was the first demonstration of a grid-connected PV community in Canada.

Urban scale PV aspects
Of course 12,8 kWp on 4 houses is not urban scale. But the aim was to offer the solar home package; including 3,2 kW of grid-connected PV system with energy efficiency upgrades to the mainstream homebuyer market. These four houses are model for a larger market segment.

Special PV project info
PV architecture and building integrationOnly gable roofs with the rear roof surface facing south were used for solar homes. The geometric shape of the roof proved appropriate to provide the required space for the installation of the amorphous silicon PV modules. The rear of the house was the only location that was acceptable by the architect who was required to approve all home designs. The builder, although very supportive of the project, insisted the first of the four homes be built in a smaller adjacent subdivision, rather than being built in the main subdivision. Once comfortable with the aesthetics of the PV, the solar homes could be built in the main subdivision as shown in the picture above.
Urban planning issues
Economical and financial issuesThe solar company selling and installing the PV systems was provided with funding from the Canadian Federal government that resulted in the customer being able to purchase the Solar option with energy efficiency upgrades for 50% of its true retail cost of 40 000 CAD /system. The supporting federal program that provided support for this project was called Technology Early Action Measures (www.team.gc.ca) from the department of Natural Resources Canada (NRCan). The costumer entered into a net-metering program with their local utility where the solar electricity was traded at the same price that the customer paid for consumed electricity. Time-of-day pricing was not incorporated into the electricity pricing regime.
PV ownershipBuilding owner: Inhabitant PV owner: Inhabitant PV energy user: Inhabitant
Tariffs and metering
Info on grid issuesDue to the early stage of the use of grid-connected PV system in the Canadian Market under which this project was performed, significant discussion with the utility was required to allow installations to be connected to the local utility grid. In the net metering scenario, it was difficult to find an appropriate meter that could be used due to Canadian electrical revenue metering regulations and in the end a standard electro-mechanical meter was used.
Other infoAs a first in Canada this project provided a significant contribution to the development of grid connection standards and provided a demonstration of PV technology that had a positive aesthetic compared to past applications.
Remarks and recommended readingEnergy yield per year: 1 200 kWh/kW. Other project company: Cook Homes (www.cookhomes.ca)

Other project data
Type of projectDemonstration Project
Other relevant aspects
Start of PV project
Start operation PV system2003-04-00
Main project leading companyARISE Technologies Corporation
Main project contact person
Contact email
Contact address65 Northland Road, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, N2V 1Y8
Includes PV database projects

Urban district data
Kind of urban areaResidential - urban
Main building typesHouses - single house
New/Retrofit/AddedNew building integration
Main PV area address

PV systems
PV applicationInclined roof - integrated
PV power total urban project12 kWp
Number of dwellings/units4
PV power per dwellings/units3 kWp
Main PV system typesGrid-connected - demand side
Main PV module typesLaminates - regular laminate
Main PV cell typesAmorphous silicon
PV module brand and typeUni-Solar
PV inverter brand and typeSMA, Xantrex and Fronius

PV cost and energy production
Total PV system investment12 Euro
Average PV modules only costs
Total PV energy yield0 kWh
PV energy user owner

Projects websitewww.arisetech.com
Other websites
Webpage Educational Tool

1. Waterloo.pdf (language: English)

(bipv) building integrated pv