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BI PV Urban Scale Project Details
Name projectCity of Malmö
Year2001-00-00 (Start operation date)
PV applicationFlat roof - mounted & mechanical fixing,
Façade - integrated in fixed sunscreens,
Façade - mounted
PV power total kWp
Latitude/Longitude55°35'0"N 12°57'0"E
© Martin Norlund

Project summary
The city of Malmö is located in the very south of Sweden and the third largest city in the country. Investment in solar energy is being made to strengthen and market the environmental profile of the city, to reduce CO2-emissions and to become more self-sufficient in energy. Malmö has also established the first Solar City Association in Sweden, with the objective to increase the use of solar energy and strengthen the solar energy market in southern Sweden. The work of the municipality has been going since 2001 and includes installation of several large PV plants on public buildings. All plants are retrofit installations. With a total of 15 PV-plants and a total area of 3400 m2 and a peak power of 500 kW, Malmö is the leading city in Sweden regarding PV installations.

Urban scale PV aspects
The city has focused on making investments in well-functioning PV plants that are nicely integrated in the urban environment, at the same time as they are visible to the public to create positive publicity. PV plants have been installed on different types of public buildings like schools, museum and hospital at different locations around the city. PV plants in Malmö have been awarded PV Plant of the Year by the Solar Electricity Program in 2006 and PV Plant of the Year by the Swedish Solar Energy Association in 2007.

Special PV project info
PV architecture and building integration
Urban planning issues
Economical and financial issuesAll electricity producers in Sweden must pay a fee for the metering, calculation and reporting in order to deliver electricity to the grid. The size of the fee depends on the grid owner, but it is approximately 420 EUR per plant each year, which is a significant cost for a small-scale electricity producer. Because of this, a majority of PV installations are dimensioned so that the electricity production never exceeds the consumption in the building or the municipal internal grid, and no electricity is delivered to the external grid. There are no feed-in tariffs in Sweden. Electricity from PV plants can be sold to the grid, but at the same price as other renewable energies like windpower. All systems got a governmental investment subsidy of 70 % for the project.
PV ownershipBuilding owner: City of Malmö. PV owner: City of Malmö. PV energy user: Schools, museum etc.
Tariffs and metering
Info on grid issuesAll PV installations are dimensioned so that the production never exceeds the consumption in the building or the municipal internal grid.
Other infoThe investments in PV have very well succeeded in strengthening and marketing the environmental profile of Malmö. The investments have received attention in media, in newspapers and magazines as well as in television, both nationally and internationally. The City of Malmö has gained a lot of experience the past years thanks to the PV installations made so far and has several successful reference objects to show.
Remarks and recommended readingEnergy yield per year: 850 kWh/kW. Type of project or program: Demonstration project, and commercial project.

Other project data
Type of projectDemonstration Project
Other relevant aspects
Start of PV project
Start operation PV system2001-00-00
Main project leading companyMalmö City, Department of internal services
Main project contact person
Contact email
Contact addressSolar City Malmö, Nordenskiöldsgatan 17, 211 19 Malmö, Sweden
Includes PV database projectsStudent Union building in Malmö
The Museum of Science & Technology in Malmö

Urban district data
Kind of urban areaPublic - other
Main building typesNon-residential buildings - 3 or 4 floors (low rise)
New/Retrofit/AddedSeparately added to the building
Main PV area address

PV systems
PV applicationFlat roof - mounted & mechanical fixing,
Façade - integrated in fixed sunscreens,
Façade - mounted
PV power total urban project500 kWp
Number of dwellings/units15
PV power per dwellings/units11 kWp
Main PV system typesGrid-connected - demand side
Main PV module typesFramed - regular module
Main PV cell typesCrystalline silicon - multi
PV module brand and typeSharp, Kyocera, Suntech
PV inverter brand and typeSMA, Fronius,

PV cost and energy production
Total PV system investment6 Euro
Average PV modules only costs
Total PV energy yield850 kWh Calculated
PV energy user owner

Projects websitewww.solarcity.se
Other websites
Webpage Educational Tool

1. Malmoe.pdf (language: English)

(bipv) building integrated pv